Quick Answer: Which Viceroy Has Longest Tenure In India?

Who had the longest tenure as the viceroy of India?

Victor Alexander John HopeVictor Alexander John Hope, 2nd marquess of Linlithgow, (born Sept.

24, 1887, Abercorn, West Lothian, Scot.

—died Jan.

5, 1952, Abercorn), British statesman and longest serving viceroy of India (1936–43) who suppressed opposition to British presence there during World War II..

How many viceroys were there in India?

Viceroys in India from 1858 to 1947ViceroyTenureLord Willingdon1931 – 1936Lord Linlithgow1936 – 1944Lord Wavell1944 – 1947Lord Mountbatten1947-4816 more rows•Dec 11, 2020

What is difference between Viceroy and Governor General?

Governor General was the head of all governors of states under East India Company. After the power shifted in the hands of British Crown, Viceroy was appointed, who was the head of colonial India and governed the territory on behalf of British Crown.

Who is the first British governor general in India?

Warren HastingsWarren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England.

What rank is a viceroy?

Viceroy is a form of royal appointment rather than noble rank. An individual viceroy often also held a noble title, however, such as Bernardo de Gálvez, 1st Viscount of Galveston who was also Viceroy of New Spain.

What is another word for Viceroy?

In this page you can discover 15 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for viceroy, like: ruler, nabob, governor, chief-executive, Limenitis archippus, representative, proxy, butterfly, satrap, vicereine and governor-general.

Who was the 1st Governor General of free India?

Chakravarti RajagopalachariNew Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General.

Who is India’s first viceroy?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

Who is first Governor of Bengal?

Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

Which Viceroy has shortest tenure in India?

List of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

When did English came to India?

The British landed in India in Surat on August 24, 1608. While India has a rich and recorded history going back 4000 years to the Indus Valley Civilisation in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, Britain had no indigenous written language until the 9th century almost 3000 years after India.

What is a viceroy?

Viceroy, one who rules a country or province as the representative of his sovereign or king and who is empowered to act in the sovereign’s name.

Who is called Governor?

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of IndiaViceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):Viceroy # 7. Lord Ripon (1880-84):Viceroy # 8. Lord Dufferin, (1884-88):More items…

Who was viceroy during Quit India movement?

Lord MountbattenLord Mountbatten, the Viceroy of India, presented a plan for the division of India into India and Pakistan, and the Indian leaders had no choice but to accept the division, as the Muslim League was adamant. Thus, India became free at the stroke of midnight, on August 14, 1947.

Who was last viceroy?

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

How many presidencies are there in British India?

By the mid-18th century three Presidency towns: Madras, Bombay and Calcutta, had grown in size. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called “Presidencies”.

Who invented permanent settlement?

Charles CornwallisIn 1786 Charles Cornwallis was sent out to India to reform the company’s practices. In 1786, the East India Company Court of Directors first proposed a permanent settlement for Bengal, changing the policy then being followed by Calcutta, which was attempting to increase taxation of zamindars.