How Do You Write Etc In Formal Writing?

How do you use etc and eg in a sentence?

Rule #1: Don’t use e.g.

and etc.

together because you wouldn’t use for instance (meaning as an example) and then use and so on (meaning others); both phrases imply the names you named were just a part of a group.

For example, “e.g.

apple, oranges, etc.”.

Do you need etc with EG?

Never use “and etc.,” because the “et” in “et cetera” means “and.” Don’t use etc. to end a list that begins with e.g., since it is by definition a list of examples. Finally, there’s no need to follow etc. with an ellipsis ( … ). Trust your readers to know that “etc.” means “and so forth.”

Can etc be used in formal writing?

All authorities agree that etc. is out of place in formal writing. The Chicago Manual of Style says that etc. “should be avoided, though it is usually acceptable in lists and tables, in notes, and within parentheses.” John B. … But et means “and,” so and etc.

How do you write etc correctly?

The Latin term et cetera (“and the rest”) is usually written as two words in Canadian English. However, the one-word spelling etcetera is also correct. The abbreviation for this term is etc. (Note that the c comes last; the misspelling ect. is a common error.)

Can I use etc in the middle of a sentence?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma. (Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark.

How do you use eg in a sentence?

e.g. (exempli gratia)“The Summer Olympics is composed of a variety of sports (e.g., gymnastics, swimming, and tennis).”“Many genes are involved in neural tube development, e.g., Sonic Hedgehog, BMPs, and the Hox genes.”Note: because e.g. implies that other examples are being omitted, do not use etc. in the same list.

How do you write an example sentence?

It would be best to not use an abbreviation to begin a sentence. Instead, write out the phrase it stands for, such as “for example,” or “in other words,” to begin the sentence. Place a period after each letter. Place a comma after the second period (note: in British English, no commas are used).

How do you end a sentence with a quote?

The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no additional exclamation point. Her letter of resignation was a single sentence: “I’m out of here!” Rule: The sentence ends with a single period inside the closing quotation mark.

How do you write etc in APA?

Always put a comma after. etc. “and so on” or “and so forth” (abbreviation for et cetera) Students ranked their school subjects (chemistry, math, etc.) in order of preference, first, second, third, and so on, until they had ranked the entire list.

How do you replace etc in formal writing?

A good way to test whether etc. is appropriate is to substitute “and so on” or “and so forth.” If those synonyms make sense, you can use etc. You should never use “and et cetera.” Remember, et means “and.” “And et cetera” is redundant. Usage note: Don’t use a comma after etc. if it is at the end of the sentence.

How do you write etc in parentheses?

Answer: When using “etc.” in parenthesis, you should use it in the same way as you would use it in a regular sentence: Example: I prefer healthy food such as fruits, vegetables, cereals, etc. Now if you use “etc.” in parenthesis at the end of a sentence, you will need to put a “period” after the parenthesis.

How do you read etc?

“Etc.” is typically read out as the full Latin phrase et cetera rather than as letters (as with “i.e.”) or as a contraction (as with “et seq.”). It is, however, sometimes read out as its English calque and so on (as with “e.g.”).

How do you say etcetera in short?

Et cetera (English: /ɛtˈsɛtərə/, Latin: [ɛt ˈkeːtɛra]), abbreviated to etc., etc, et cet.,&c., or &c, is a Latin expression that is used in English to mean “and other similar things”, or “and so forth”.

How do you use ie and eg in a sentence?

E.g. is used to give one or more possible examples. It’s a signal that you’re seeing one or a few of multiple possibilities. I.e, on the other hand, clarifies; you are providing more precise information. Where e.g. opens up more options, i.e. narrows them down.

Can you use etc in MLA?

It is perfectly ok to use etc. in an academic paper. Just note, however, that both of them are very sparingly and carefully used in serious writing. Try to list fully or describe the list instead.

What does ETC mean in text message?

Latin et ceteraThe abbreviation etc. stands for the Latin et cetera, which means “and other things”.